Essentially anything that can cause harm like electricity, chemicals and ladders among other
Harm is defined as death or damage to a person’s physical or mental health as a result of injury to their person. Safety laws have been designed to be applicable only when the harm to property or the environment involves a risk of harm to people.
Risk is the chance that harm or injury from a particular hazard may occur.
Both the likelihood that harm can occur and its potential severity can be derived from a particular risk. From an effective risk assessment, therefore, it is possible to identify the severity of potential harm if exposed to a particular hazard as well as the frequency of its expected prevalence.
Identify the hazard
Selected examples that affect health and or safety include:
• Biological hazards
• Chemical hazards
• Fire hazards
• Radiation hazards
• Waste hazards
• Electrical hazards
• Noise and vibration related hazards
• Constantly and potentially injury resulting in repetitive movements